Anyone who has been around the hemp plant has noticed the distinctive strong aroma of the blossoms. This specific fresh odor is due to terpenes. Terpenes are substances from the group of unsaturated hydrocarbons found in conifers and lemon trees. There are many different terpenes found in the nature, with each one having different odor and healing effect.
The hemp contains over 120 different terpenes, the main ones being: Pinene, Mycene, Limonene, Caryphyllene, Terpinolene. They are responsible for the specific fresh odor which resembles the one produced by pine resin, mint and lemon peel. In addition to their aromatherapeutic properties, terpenes have a number of other beneficial effects.
We owe the fresh aroma of pine to pinene. The high concentration of Pinene is found in the pine resin. The Pinene is believed to have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and expectorant properties.
This is one of the two terpenes that form Pinene. It is found in many citrus plants. It contributes to the absorption of other terpenes and has an anti-fungal effect.
This is classified as a type of terpene that is found in plants such as hops, wild thyme, bay leaves and even mangoes. It has the unique function to facilitate the passage of some substances from the blood into the brain, increasing the number of CB1 receptors. It is also believed to have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and expectorant properties.
It is found in spices such as bay leaf, cloves and black pepper. It binds to the CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system. It acts as an analgesic and has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
It is found in sage and in rosemary. Terpinolene is used for the making of soaps and perfumes because of its odor. Apart from reducing anxiety, it is thought to have a positive effect on the central nervous system as well.